Tag: writng



Kia ora, My name is Swaimah and Today I will be writing about Rust. Rust is a type of corrosion, you can see rust in most places like on your bike, on metal, chains and anything that has stayed outside in the rain & air. Rust is a browny orange type colour. Rust is very common and it’s really hard to take off rust from metal & other stuff. 

What Causes rust? 

Water is the main cause of rust. Rusting is a specific example of corrosion, which occurs when Iron or steel reacts with oxygen and water. 

Iron + Oxygen + Water = Hydrated Iron oxide 

Hydrated Iron oxide is the orange-brown substance seen on the surface of rust objects.  rust is more likely to occur on metal that has not been treated or protected against moisture. Salt also helps to speed up the rusting process.

Types of Rust 

Red rust: This type of rust is formed when the metal surface is exposed to high amounts of oxygen or water. The corrosion taking place is uniform corrosion where an even layer of oxidation appears across the surface of the material. Red rust is a corrosion product. Yellow rust: This type of rust usually forms due to high exposure to moisture or water or metals that are found in large amounts of standing water. Brown rust: This type of rust takes place when the supply of oxygen is more and the supply of moisture is less. Black rust: This type of rust forms when limited oxygen is applied or when oxygen cannot reach the metal and is trapped or covered by another metal. This type of rust is not very common and is not produced quickly.


Rust treatment is a topical compound designed to address the symptoms of rust. Rust treatment is the action of corrosion protection via anti-rust methods. Unlike rust prevention, which deals with measures to prevent or slow down the formation of rust, rust treatment deals with the removal and coating of rusty matter on surfaces where it is unwanted. Rust can be removed from small objects by performing electrolysis using simple equipment used in the home, such as a plastic bucket, tap water, washing soda, or battery.


Corrosion is defined as the transformation of metal into another form when it is exposed to sunlight and water for a long time. The corrosion of iron is commonly known as rusting and can be prevented by applying oil on its surface.This experiment therefore clearly shows that each metal behaves and reacts in a manner distinct to that metal in any particular environment. 

A Letter to Liam (Billy’s friend) Landlady

Today for literacy we were learning about suspense & Tension. We are also learning about foreshadowing, foreshadowing is when you add hints or clues to the story or text then later on in the story there will be something exciting, dangerous or scary thats gonna happen in the story. I wrote a letter being Billy and asking a friend for help. I chose a name Liam because I thought it will sound really nice in the story. Here’s the letter:


Dear Liam, I am in Bath, London. A man called Mr Greenslade helped me around the place and showed me where to go. I didn’t know anyone there because It was my first time being at Bath. I arrived at Bath looking for a place to stay for a night. I was walking around the place until I saw a sign “BED AND BREAKFAST”, I kept reading it again and again then I was hypnotised by the sign. I had to go to the place because I couldn’t resist it. I stopped walking and saw a vase of yellow chrysanthemums, tall and beautiful, standing just underneath the notice. I peered through the glass into the room, and the first thing I saw was a bright fire burning in the hearth. 

As soon as I walked to the door I rang the doorbell and out popped an old lady standing there ready for me to come in, “Do come in ” She said. I was really calm but confused why she was just standing there waiting for a guest to come. “Uh…uuh..uuuh ” I was stuttering not knowing what to say. “Thank you” I replied back to the old lady. I hung my coat and my hat on the hanger. I was thinking why no one else was here, and how quiet it was with no sound at all. The old lady walked up the stairs looking at me smiling with pale lips. I smiled back in fear not knowing what to do. I followed her upstairs to my room. The first floor is all hers, the 2nd floor is mine and the 3rd floor is….. A mysterious floor no one knows about. 

I entered my room and she said “Come to the sitting room after you unpack your bag” she said in a suspicious voice. As soon as I finished unpacking my bag I made my way downstairs to the sitting room. The old lady had tea on the table ready for me to drink. “Come here dear, Sit down” Patting the sofa. I was looking around the sitting room confused why there were so many animals everywhere. I sat down next to her and we talked to each other for a while. “Dear can you please fill in this guest book form” she said mysteriously, “Sure” I said politely.  While I was filling in the form I saw 2 other guests on the form, Christopher Mulholland & Gregory Temple. For some reason they sound really familiar to me, How about you? 

The landlady kept looking me up and down, it creeped me out VERY much, I wanted to exit the building straight away but I couldn’t. “Do you know where Christopher Mulholland & Gregory Temple are? They have been missing for a very long time” I said, “Yes dear, They are both on the 3rd floor” she said with a grin on her face silently laughing. I was going up the stairs to the 3rd floor when she stopped me and offered me tea. I drank one cup of tea and she continuously kept asking me for more. The tea tasted bitter every sip I took. It was like she added poison or something in it. 

I saw this really beautiful parrot which I thought was alive but when I went closer to grab it, it was motionless. “Dear when my pets die I stuff them!” She said, “Oh….ok that’s why they’re motionless” I replied shaking. I went upstairs straight to my bed to sleep, as I sat on the bed I heard a cracking noise (Crack crack crack) it sounded like bones breaking. I stood up and I didn’t want to sit or lay on the bed. I had to write a letter to you so you can help. I’m in great danger right now and suffer with this landlady. Please come to London,Swindon, Bath Bell and Dragon to help. 


Thank you 

Sincerely Billy